Europe Passes U.S. in New Covid Cases, Returning as Hot Spot

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Western Europe surpassed the U.S. in new daily Covid-19 infections, re-emerging as a global hot spot after bringing the pandemic under control earlier in the summer.

The 27 countries in theEuropean Union plus the U.K., Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein recorded 27,233 new cases on Wednesday, compared with 26,015 for the U.S. That follows several weeks of resurgent infections in Spain, France and other countries across the continent.

“We’ll have decisions to make,” said French President Emmanuel Macron, a day before a national security cabinet meeting on Friday to discuss the government’sresponse. “We have to continue to be rigorous, realistic, without giving in to any kind of panic.”

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France reported almost 10,000 new cases on Thursday, the most since a national lockdown ended in mid-May. New infections in Spain, which has the most cases in the EU, slowed to 4,137 on the day. Italy’s pace increased slightly, with almost 1,600 infections reported.

Europe’s move ahead of the U.S. is a major setback for a part of the world that seemed to have gotten a grip on the coronavirus after the pandemic spread from China to Italy and other countries across the region last winter. After health systems were pushed to the brink, strict lockdowns brought the outbreak under control.

The comparison is based ondata from the World Health Organization for the U.S. and Bloomberg calculations usingnumbers from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control.

Europe Tries to Beat Virus Flareups With Patchwork of Strategies

Now Europe is experiencing a new spike in infections, many of them linked to vacationers who caught the virus and brought it home, as well as young people socializing. The upturn has alarmed policy makers just as students return to school and offices try to bring back employees who have been working from home.

So far, the new upturn in infections hasnot resulted in a surge in deaths, which are at a small fraction of the levels in March and April, when the pandemic tore through Europe’s nursing homes. Many of the new patients are younger and healthier, testing has expanded vastly -- turning up asymptomatic infections that previously went undetected -- and treatment has improved.

Europe recorded 252 deaths on Wednesday, according to the ECDC, compared with daily totals in the thousands during the spring. There were 169 deaths in the U.S. on Wednesday, though daily totals were running at more than 1,000 for much of last week and Thursday’s total was already at more than 430 as of mid-morning, according to the WHO.

Most Deaths

Although the U.S. has seen the pandemic’s spread moderate in recent weeks, it’s still reporting more new cases daily than most other individual countries, except India and Brazil. The U.S. also leads the world in deaths from the disease.

Comparisons between the U.S. and Europe are imperfect because the EU, with a population of about 450 million, is larger than the U.S., with about 330 million. Methods of testing and reporting also vary. According to some trackers, for example, the European daily count exceeded that of the U.S. on Labor Day, but that’s because some countries didn’t report cases over the weekend, effectively resulting in a three-day tally for Monday.

In the U.S., new infections have eased from daily levels of more than 70,000 in July. States such as Florida and California have seen big declines, though they’re still reporting thousands of new cases daily.

The number of tests conducted in the U.S. has been dropping from a peak in late July amid shortages and delays, and that may affect the number of cases reported. Testing has surged in Europe, with France, for example, targeting 1 million tests a week.

— With assistance by Flavia Rotondi, Rudy Ruitenberg, and Thomas Gualtieri

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